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laborlaw
05-24-2005, 12:17 PM
NON AGRICULTURAL EMPLOYMENT:
Children Age 16 - 18
An employee must be at least 16 years old to work in most non-farm jobs. No person less than 18 years old may work in any occupation declared hazardous by the Secretary of the USDOL or the Commissioner of Labor & Industry. The following
occupations have been declared hazardous (see child labor rules for additional information):
Hazardous Occupations
Manufacturing and storing of es, driving a motor vehicle and being an outside helper on a motor vehicle; coal mining, logging and sawmilling, power-driven woodworking machines, exposure to radioactive substances, power-driven hoisting apparatus, power-driven metal-forming, punching, and shearing machines, mining, other than coal mining, meat packing or processing (including the use of power-driven meat slicing machines), power-driven bakery machines, power driven
paper-product machines, manufacturing brick, tile, and related products, power-driven circular saws, band saws, and guillotine shears, wrecking, demolition, and shipbreaking operations, roofing operations, or excavation operations. There are some exemptions for apprentice/student-learner programs in some of these hazardous occupations.
A person must be at least 18 to work in any of the hazardous non-farm jobs listed above.
Children Age 14 and 15 MAY NOT work in any of the hazardous occupations above and may not work in communications or public utilities jobs, construction or repair jobs, driving a motor vehicle or helping a driver, manufacturing and mining
occupations, power-driven machinery or hoisting apparatus other than typical office machines, processing occupations, public messenger jobs, transporting of persons or property, workrooms where products are manufactured, mined or processed, or warehousing and storage
Children Age 14 and 15 MAY work outside school hours in various non-manufacturing, non-mining, non-hazardous jobs under the following conditions:
No more than 3 hours on a school day or 18 hours in a school week; 8 hours on a non-school day or 40 hours in a
non-school week. Also, work may not begin before 7 a.m. or end after 7 p.m., except from June 1 through Labor Day, when evening hours are extended to 9 p.m. Different rules apply in agricultural employment.
Examples of permitted jobs include office, grocery store, retail store, restaurant, movie theater, baseball park, amusement park, or gasoline service station.
AGRICULTURAL EMPLOYMENT:
Once a person turns 16 years old, he or she can do any job in agriculture.
A youth 14 or 15 years old can work in agriculture, on any farm, but only in non-hazardous jobs.
A youth 12 or 13 years of age can only work in agriculture on a farm if a parent has given written permission or if a parent is working on the same farm as his or her child, and only in non-hazardous jobs.
If the youth is younger than 12, he or she can only work in agriculture on a farm if the farm is not required to pay the Federal minimum wage. Under the FLSA, "small" farms are exempt from the minimum wage requirements. "Small" farm means any farm that did not use more than 500 "man-days" of agricultural labor in any calendar quarter (3-month period) during the
preceding calendar year. "Man-day" means any day during which an employee works at least one hour. If the farm is "small," workers under 12 years of age can only be employed with a parent's permission and only in non-hazardous jobs.
Hazardous agricultural occupations include:
> Operating a tractor of over 20 PTO (Power-Take-Off) horsepower, or connecting or disconnecting implements or parts to such a tractor.
> Operating or helping to operate Corn picker, cotton picker, grain combine, hay mower, forage harvester, hay baler, potato digger, or mobile pea viner, Feed grinder, crop dryer, forage blower, auger conveyor, or the unloading mechanism of a
non-gravity-type self-unloading wagon or trailer; or, Power post-hole digger, power post driver, or nonwalking-type rotary tiller, Trencher or earthmoving equipment; Fork lift; Potato combine; or Power-driven circular, band, or chain saw.
> Working on a farm in a yard, pen, or stall occupied by Bull, boar, or stud horse for breeding, or Sow with suckling pigs,
or cow with newborn calf with umbilical cord present.
> Loading, unloading, felling, bucking, or skidding timber with a butt (large end) diameter of more than 6 inches.
> Working from a ladder or scaffold at a height of over 20 feet.
> Driving a bus, truck, or automobile when transporting passengers, or riding on a tractor as a passenger or helper.
WORK BEGINS AT _______________ AND ENDS AT _______________

_______________ _______________

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TIME ALLOWED FOR MEALS BEGINS AT______________ AND ENDS AT _______________
Rev. 03/31/04

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